Surface disinfection is a method of eliminating and/or inactivating pathogens on inanimate surfaces. The frequency and extent of the disinfection depends on the application, ongoing situation, and risk potential. Disinfection destroys or deactivates bacteria, fungi, and viruses, which results in their termination or prevention of their growth and reproduction. In general, the inert surfaces are subdivided into several types: Domestic, Work and Public Place, Healthcare Facilities and Nursing Homes, and Animal Farms. Despite a tremendous difference, all of them require cleaning, sanitation, and disinfection.
Domestic Surface Disinfection is crucial for the health of family members. Domestic surfaces include all varieties of inanimate surfaces found in the household. Examples of domestic surfaces are toilets, baths, showers, doors, tables and desks, kitchen countertops, cabinets, appliances, floors, etc.
Office and Public Place Surface Disinfection is very important. Keeping a workplace clean and free of pathogens can be a major challenge. Everyone has experienced the office emptying out during flu outbreaks and cold seasons, or being paranoid with everyone sneezing. In general, any workplace (offices, schools, and work sites) as well as a Public Places (stores, restaurants, theaters, etc.) can be incubators for germs, because not only is everyone in a contained space, but common areas and fixtures are also used regularly – kitchens, bathrooms, door knobs, stair railing, light switches, etc. For this reason, disinfection of hard surfaces in the workplace and in public places is critical to general health.
Surface Disinfection in Healthcare Facilities is very different from the disinfection of Domestic and Office surfaces. It is different because hospitals deal with sick people, who from one side have compromised immune systems, and from the other, are a source of infection.
Surface Disinfection in Animal Husbandry is not often as prominent as other types of disinfection. On the other hand, disinfection of surfaces in animal facilities is the key issue for animal health, as well as a farm’s well-being and productivity.
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